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Date of Award
Bachelor of Science
Professor Xiangming Chen and Professor Carol Clark
China has attained a miraculous two digit economic growth in the last three decades. Contributing to this growth was the inflow of migrant workers, amounting to more than 160 million today, from the countryside to cities. However, deprived of economic opportunities, excluded from the urban social provision, and denied an urban identity, these migrant workers are not fully integrated into cites: their urbanization remains shallow. As a result of government failures and as a potential source of inefficiencies in the economy, shallow urbanization should be rectified. To address this problem, central and local governments of China have proposed various policies, among which the most genuine and systematic are the policies of Chongqing. The policy scheme, featuring household registration reform, public housing projects, and land coupon experiments, may help to deepen urbanization. This paper looks at shallow urbanization from both theoretical and empirical perspective, and evaluates Chongqing's experiment on its effectiveness and sustainability in deepening urbanization. It concludes that Chongqing's policy experiment is well intended and designed, but certain problems inherent in the policy may hinder it from being fully effective and sustainable. It finally makes suggestions for improvements.
Liu, Chang, "Shallow Urbanization of China and Policy Experiments of Chongqing". Senior Theses, Trinity College, Hartford, CT 2012.
Trinity College Digital Repository, https://digitalrepository.trincoll.edu/theses/246