Date of Award

Spring 2017

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Educational Studies

First Advisor

Jack Dougherty


This paper investigates the social conditions that influenced the creation of BUILD Academy as well as the long-term meaning that BUILD held for some members of the community.

In 1968, a struggle that ensued at Buffalo Public School #48 set the stage for a massive effort to reform the city’s educational system. School administrators decided to transfer a well respected black teacher who was hired to work in a third grade classroom. As a result of their displeasure, parents and community members organized a boycott in which they refused to send their children to school. Following that boycott, the education committee of Buffalo’s Black Power organization--BUILD (Build, Unity, Independence, Liberty and Dignity)--entered into negotiations with the Board of Education and The State Teacher’s College at Buffalo to formally establish BUILD Academy in 1969.


Senior project completed at Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut for the degree of Bachelor of Arts in Educational Studies.