Date of Award

Spring 2016

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Public Policy & Law

First Advisor

Adrienne Fulco

Second Advisor

Maurice Wade


Modern technology and innovative procedures have opened the possibility of parenthood to a variety of people who can’t have children of their own—single people, people with medical issues or infertility problems, same-sex couples and other nontraditional families. The demand has spawned a proliferation of new businesses, including fertility clinics, surrogacy agencies, and online brokers specializing in matching Indian- or Ukrainian-based surrogates for prospective parents who have been confronted with surrogacy in the U.S. being either unaffordable or illegal in their home state. Since the 1980s, surrogacy has swept the nation and helped thousands of individuals realize their dream of raising children that are, at least in part, genetically their own. However, the United States, unlike many other countries, has no national policies governing assisted reproductive technology, including surrogacy. Laws on the issue vary widely from one state to the next, creating a “crazy quilt of laws” for those who choose to pursue surrogacy


Senior thesis completed at Trinity College, Hartford, Connecticut for the degree of Bachelor of Arts in Public Policy and Law.