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Date of Award

Spring 2014

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts



First Advisor

Ronald Kiener

Second Advisor

Tamsin Jones


In this paper I will be exploring the Biblical understanding of suffering from a Jewish and Christian perspective. Then, based on post-Holocaust Jewish thinkers such as Richard Rubenstein, Emil Fackenheim, Eliezer Berkovits, Zachary Braiterman, and Christian thinkers such as Jürgen Moltmann and Dietrich Bonhoeffer, I will contemplate whether or not a shift occurs in the Biblical interpretation of suffering after the Holocaust.


Senior thesis submitted for the degree of Bachelor of Arts in Religion. Access is limited to the Trinity campus community.