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Date of Award

Spring 2013

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts


Human Rights

First Advisor

Janet Bauer

Second Advisor

Sonia Cardenas


The United States State Department estimates that between 600,000 to 800,000 people a year are trafficked across international borders. The United Nations estimates between 700,000 to two million young women alone are trafficked annually, the majority of whom are trafficked for sexual exploitation. In Nepal and India, despite domestic and international law, the police and border officials do little to address the problem. Multiple human rights violations coincide with this issue; including issues of bodily integrity, development of self (individuation), torture, rights to education, and issues of family rights. Adequately addressing this intractable problem necessitates a multi-pronged approach including addressing the socio-economic issues, political corruption, cultural views of women, and police complicity. The solution to end the trafficking of young women and girls involves a multi-faceted approach which includes changing the attitudes of the police and citizens of India and Nepal towards women, improving the socio-economic conditions of the Nepali families who send their daughters to India, educating the peoples of each county on the risks and long-lasting effects of sex trafficking on young girls, and strengthening the existing laws both domestic and international. Victims, families, police, government, officials, and citizens need to work together to formulate a creative solution to this ongoing problem. Because of the complex cultural issues, the solution must be generated from the people of these countries, not by outside authorities. Within this multi- pronged solution police education, sensitivity training, and cultural awareness will be an important lynch pin.


Senior thesis completed at Trinity College for the degree of Bachelor of Arts in Human Rights. Accessible to members of the Trinity community only.