Date of Award

Spring 2023

Degree Name

Bachelor of Science


Economics, Political Science

First Advisor

Reo Matsuzaki

Second Advisor

Diane Zannoni


This work presents a study of the failures to achieve regime change in Venezuela between 2013 and 2022. By using the critical juncture framework, this thesis shows that there have been moments of opportunity where permissive conditions (i.e., structural factors) were present to achieve regime change, that the Venezuelan opposition was incapable of seizing upon those moments of opportunity because they made sub-optimum strategic and coordination choices, and that these choices were influenced by the motivations that opposition actors have to be in politics.


Senior thesis completed at Trinity College, Hartford CT for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Economics and Political Science.