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This paper examines Marx’s views on capitalist globalization and its supposed inevitability, and contends that they underwent a substantial evolution and revision after the publication of the Communist Manifesto. In the case of China, a prime example of the Asiatic mode of production, Marx even doubted whether globalization (capitalism) would ever be able to accomplish its historical mission of developing the forces of production and creating the material conditions for a higher mode of production, viz., communism. In the Russian case, he seriously entertained the notion that it could bypass the hardships and vicissitudes of capitalism and forge its own unique path to socialism. If accepted, this interpretation represents a serious challenge to the universality and validity of Marx’s materialist conception of history.


Originally published as

Miguel D. Ramirez. “Is Capitalist Globalization Inevitable in the Marxian Paradigm?” Journal of the History of Economic Thought 36, no. 1 (March 2014): 83-95.

Distributed by the Trinity College Digital Repository in accordance with publisher policies, which allows full text availability after one year of publication. (Available March 2015)

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