Date of Award
Bachelor of Science
When people are made more self-aware either through name priming or the introduction of a mirror, the increase in self-awareness elicits a positive effect in performance of difficult mental tasks. This effect was first documented decades ago, but lacks extensive research. The relationship between self-awareness and seeing oneself has been studied in terms of task completion and self-esteem measures, but never in the realm of speech tasks. The present study focused on the effects of different speech goals on self-attention. Similar to earlier studies, a webcam was used to display the participants’ images during tasks, while eye-tracking was used to determine how variation in speech goals affected attention to their visual self-image. It was found that proportionally more time is was spent looking at the eyes during no task, while a possible time-compression limit effect in looking times was observed in speech-relevant looks to participants’ mouth/nose area in a recitation of the ABCs casual condition. We also found that attention towards the overall face and speech-relevant areas was more tightly correlated during storytelling tasks. Broadly speaking, visual feedback of one’s own face is a unique form of feedback, and does appear to have some effect on attention during speech acts.
Ballenger, David, "Effect of Visual Self-Image on Attention During Speech". Senior Theses, Trinity College, Hartford, CT 2017.
Trinity College Digital Repository, http://digitalrepository.trincoll.edu/theses/659